Continuation from Music Terminology – Part 2 (A-L)
Naturals, Sharps, and Flats: E to F and B to C are natural halftones/steps and everything else are both sharps and flats. For example, F sharp is G flat and G sharp is A flat, etc.
Meter/Metre: The pattern of beats by which a piece of music is measured and is also known as the time signature.
Open Chords: Chords that have both open and closed notes.
Open Notes: Notes that occur without having to press down on any strings.
Palm Muting: Quieting the strings to where there is little or no tone at all ringing out
Percussion: On the guitar, percussion can be done by muting the strings with your pick or note-playing hand and strumming at the same time, which when done heavily enough produces a very percussive sound.
Pick Scaping: Hold the pick against one of the strings and move it either down or up the guitar neck.
Picking: Strumming all the notes in a chord or playing an individual note with the pick hand in a downward or upward direction.
Pull-offs: Doing a pull-off is the flip side of doing a Hammer-on in that you would play the E note on the fifth string seventh fret with your ring finger and pull off to the D note on the fifth string fifth fret which is played with your index finger. Note, Pull-offs can be done with any combination of fingers from the note-playing hand.
Range: The notes that an instrument or voice is capable of reaching, from the lowest to the highest.
Register: A part of the range of an instrument or voice that is different from other parts.
Rests: A time of musical silence when no note/chord is played. Keep in mind that there are different durations for rests.
Rhythm: Music that is organized accordingly to the timing of the long and short note values.
Scales: Similar to arpeggios, scales are played one note at a time, but in a non-rhythmic fashion ascending and descending on all six strings, and begin with a given note and end on the same note. Two good examples of this are C major pentatonic with notes C, D, E, G, A, C and A minor pentatonic with notes A, C, D, E, G, A.
Sequential/Coil Pattern: Notes that repeat within a scale, arpeggio or chord.
Sight Reading: The reading of musical notation.
Slurs: In music, slurs can be indicative of hammer-on and pull-offs if the notes involved are on the same string, but it also means that notes are to be played without separation.
Staccato: In Italian is means detached and when it is written above or below a note it signifies that the duration of the note with a staccato marking is separated from the note(s) that may follow by silence.
String Bending: taking a note on any given string/fret and bending it up a halftone or whole tone instead of moving up the fretboard to a halftone or whole tone on a particular string.
Tablature: A group of lines representing the six strings of the guitar with numbers on them which tell the guitarist what frets to play the given notes on.
Ties: A good way to learn to understand ties is say you have two-quarter notes of the same pitch, which for each get one beat. In 2/4 time for example, when two-quarter notes are tied together they become equal in value to one-half note. Meaning that you would play the note once, but count it twice.
Time Signature: The sign used after the clef and key signature at the beginning of a piece that indicates the meter of the piece. It can be placed anywhere throughout the piece should the meter change.
Trills/Reverse Trills: Trills are a hammer-on that is speedily and repeatedly played. The flip side of trills is reverse trills which are pull-offs that are speedily and repeatedly played.
Two-handed Technique: Playing notes as normal and bringing in the use of one or more fingers from the picking hand to incorporate notes that are difficult to reach with the note-playing hand.
Unison: Notes that are exactly the same.
Variations: In music, if the notes being played the first time through are C, E, G then one way to create a variation would be to play them as C, C, E, G the next time through.
Vibrato: using just enough movement to cause a waving sound in the note without changing its pitch.
Whole Note: A note equal to the length of two half notes.
Whole Rest: A rest equal to the length of two half rests.
Whole Tone: Two half steps; the interval of a major second; a whole step.
Whole-tone Scale: A scale made up of only whole tones.